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Journal Issue: Special Education for Students with Disabilities Volume 6 Number 1 Spring 1996

REVISITING THE ISSUES: The Effects of Medicaid Expansions on Insurance Coverage of Children
Lisa C. Dubay Genevieve M. Kenney

Health Insurance Coverage of Children: 1993

In 1993, some 24% of all children 18 years and under had Medicaid coverage only. Fifty-two percent had employer-sponsored insurance only. An additional 6% had both Medicaid and employer-sponsored coverage,19 and 13% had no health insurance.

Medicaid coverage of children varies greatly by family income, age, and race. In 1993, Medicaid provided coverage at some point during the year for almost 80% of all poor children and more than 50% of children with incomes from 100% to 133% of poverty. In 1993, Medicaid provided coverage for 45% of all infants and 40% of all children ages one through five. Medicaid played a smaller role for older children, covering 25% of all 6- to 10-year-olds and 19% of all 11- to 18-year-olds in 1993. Finally, 23% of all white children, 54% of all black children, and 31% of all children of other races were covered by the Medicaid program in 1993.