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Literacy Challenges for the Twenty-First Century
Volume 22 Number 2 Fall 2012


Literacy Challenges for the Twenty-First Century: Introducing the Issue

Richard J. Murnane, Isabel Sawhill and Catherine Snow

Patterns of Literacy among U.S. Students

Sean F. Reardon, Rachel A. Valentino and Kenneth A. Shores

The Role of Out-of-School Factors in the Literacy Problem

Jane Waldfogel

Improving Reading in the Primary Grades

Neil K. Duke and Meghan K. Block

Reading and Reading Instruction for Children from Low-Income and Non-English-Speaking Households

Nonie K. Lesaux

Adolescent Literacy: Learning and Understanding Content

Susan R. Goldman

The Importance of Infrastructure Development to High-Quality Literacy Instruction

David K. Cohen and Monica P. Bhatt

Technology Tools to Support Reading in the Digital Age

Gina Biancarosa and Gina G. Griffiths