Journal Issue: Children of Immigrant Families Volume 14 Number 2 Summer 2004
1. For complete text and information about the ruling, see the Brown Foundation Web site at http://brownvboard.org/research/opinions/347us483.htm.
2. Children's Defense Fund. 2002 facts on child poverty in America. Washington, DC: CDF, November 2003. Available online at http://www.childrensdefense.org/familyincome/childpoverty/ basicfacts.asp.
3. Children's Defense Fund. Number of black children in extreme poverty hits record high. Press release. Washington, DC: CDF, April 30, 2003. Available online at http://www.childrensdefense.org/pressreleases/2003/030430.asp.
4. Calculations by the Children's Defense Fund, based on U.S. Census Bureau's Educational attainment in the United States: March 2002 detailed tables (PPL-169). Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau, March 2003. Available online at http://www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/education/ppl-169.html.
5. See note 2, CDF, November 2003.
6. Children's Defense Fund. Number of children lacking health insurance unchanged thanks to Medicaid and CHIP programs. Press release. Washington, DC: CDF, September 29, 2003. For more on this topic, see the previous journal issue The Future of Children: Health Insurance for Children (Spring 2003) 13(1).
7. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Table: Age 16Ã?19 percent jobless and percent employed in June 1948-2004. Seasonally unadjusted. Available online at http://www.childrensdefense.org/data/june_youth_jobless_ rates_by_race.pdf.
8. For example, 94% of all Latino children in America will gain nothing from the dividend tax cut because their families do not receive any stock dividends. For additional information, see Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. Exempting corporate dividends for individual taxes. Washington, DC: CBPP, January 2003. Available online at http://www.cbpp.org/1-6-03tax.htm.
9. Children's Defense Fund. Robin Hood in reverse: Bush administration budget choices take from poor children to give to the rich. Washington, DC: CDF, February 2004. Available online at http://www.childrensdefense.org/pdf/robinhood.pdf.
10. Congressional Budget Office. The budget and economic outlook: Fiscal years 2005 to 2014. Washington, DC: CBO, January 2004. Available online at http://www.cbo.gov/showdoc.cfm?index= 4985&sequence=0.
11. After two years of extensive consultation with child-serving and community leaders in every sector, CDF's Action Council developed a long-term policy vision to truly Leave No Child Behind¨. Endorsed by more than 1,800 national, state, and local organizations, as well as hundreds of public officials, the comprehensive Dodd-Miller Act to Leave No Child Behind (S. 448/H.R. 936) was introduced in Congress in 2001. (It is not to be confused with the Bush Administration's single-issue No Child Left Behind Education Act.) Some of the provisions of Leave No Child Behind, such as the child tax credit, have been enacted. For more information, see the CDF Web site at http://www.childrensdefense.org/ theact/default.asp.
12. Baldwin, J., and Mead, M. A rap on race. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott